Philadelphia Government Historic Group
History of Philadelphia Pennsylvania
Philadelphia is one the oldest American cities and is home to many historic landmarks. These are just a few of the sights you'll find while exploring the city.
Independence National Historical Park - Located just outside Philadelphia, Independence National Historical Park preserves the site of the signing of the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution. You can visit the places where it took place, including the Pennsylvania State House which is now the US Capitol Building.
The Betsy Ross House - This house in Philadelphia served as the headquarters of the American flag design committee during the Revolutionary War. Today, it houses a museum dedicated to the story of the creation of the American flag.
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts – Founded in 1805 by the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, PAFA is the country's second-oldest art academy. Its collection includes paintings by European masters like Van Dyck, Rubens, Gainsborough, Van Dyck, and Rembrandt.
National Museum of American Jewish History - Established in 1976, the National Museum of American Jewish History tells the stories of Jews in the United States. The Star of David, a Torah scroll, and a menorah are just a few of the exhibits.
Franklin Institute Science Museum - A science museum located inside Benjamin Franklin Parkway, the Franklin Institute features interactive exhibits about physics, chemistry, biology and astronomy. You can explore electricity, learn about the human body, and even try different jobs.
Philadelphia, often called Philly, is the largest city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, the sixth-largest city in the U.S., the second-largest city in both the Northeast megalopolis and Mid-Atlantic regions after New York City. Since 1854, the city has been coextensive with Philadelphia County, the most populous county in Pennsylvania and the urban core of the Delaware Valley, the nation's seventh-largest and one of world's largest metropolitan regions, with 6.245 million residents as of 2020. The city's population as of the 2020 census was 1,603,797, and over 56 million people live within 250 mi (400 km) of Philadelphia.Philadelphia was founded in 1682 by William Penn, an English Quaker. The city served as capital of the Pennsylvania Colony during the British colonial era and went on to play a historic and vital role as the central meeting place for the nation's founding fathers whose plans and actions in Philadelphia ultimately inspired the American Revolution and the nation's independence. Philadelphia hosted the First Continental Congress in 1774 following the Boston Tea Party, preserved the Liberty Bell, and hosted the Second Continental Congress during which the founders signed the Declaration of Independence, which historian Joseph Ellis has described as "the most potent and consequential words in American history".